||Oriental carpets began to appear in Europe after the Crusades in the 11th century. Until the mid-18th century they were mostly used on walls and tables. Except in royal or ecclesiastical settings they were considered too precious to cover the floor. Starting in the 13th century Oriental carpets begin to appear in paintings (notably from Italy, Flanders, England, France, and the Netherlands). Carpets of Indo-Persian design were introduced to Europe via the Dutch, British, and French East India Companies of the 17th and 18th century.
But seriously, we need to point out that we will consider to be real only those carpets that are created by patient hands of women of oriental countries. The accent in this statement is not as much stressed at "women of oriental countries" as at "hands", for the hand-made carpets have one feature that no machine can replicate.
That is, the principal difference between the real carpet and something that looks like one by its form, texture and material is, generally, in the main technological point and, accordingly, the facture element: the real carpet's nap is fixed on the base threads with a knot, and that is done not by a machine but human fingers.
A machine cannot tie the knots. The pile of a machine-made "carpet" is simply stuck between the base and the wefts. Thus, talking about carpets, we are going to forget for a while that there are carpet-like products made out of syntethics and even "real unmeltable wool".
Carpets are being bought not only for home, for family.
Withing the last ten years many western corporations have refused of using artificial carpets and bought the hand-made ones. Clients that come to the lawyer office feel more trust towards the owner of that business when they see that the company can afford to spend $200 000 for a carpet in the reception.
The same with the hotels. Some swindlers use that fact that a carpet makes clients feel more trusting. It is much easier to roll a carpet and move it to a new place of performance that to pay for an expensive office's rent. Bank all over the world buy carpets along with canvas and when they have hard for the primary business times, they exhibit their property, making money with that. While great masters' canvas cost up to $9 million on auctions, ancient carpets sometimes may cost up to $1-2 millions. Carpet of Great Mogols' age (XV century) cost not less than famous "Sunflowers" by Van Gogh. One of the largest collections of silk carpets belongs to Lufthansa company. Large collections also belong to Austrian and German banks.